Could you have ever imagined that the people living in the digital world, having virtual prototypes presented in the science-fiction movies (e.g. Matrix or Avatar) are likely to become reality?The new wave in the industry named digital twins is able to create virtual models of objects, processes and large systems. It may sound daunting, but scientists believe that the digital twin of a human will also appear soon.

A digital twin can be simply presented as a bridge between the physical and digital world that allows analyzing the data and monitoring the systems by identifying problems before they occur, establishing new opportunities and planning the future novelty. To make it real, manufacturers are developing smarter, better-connected machines that use big data, machine-to-machine communication and machine-learning technology to advance productivity.

Originally, the digital twin term was given by Dr. Michael Grieves in 2002, but at that time, it was very expensive and complicated to implement the concept. Therefore, in 2010, when IoT, AI and Big Data started to develop, the situation had changed.

Digital Twinning

 

Technology is primarily used in manufacturing now. But the situation is quickly changing, as more businesses are implementing the Internet of Things into their operational processes. For example, in order to improve the transportation and travel systems in New York, the government built a digital replica of the city on a digital platform. By doing so, engineers can now develop digital road systems underground and predict the incorporation of this system with regular roads of the city. By having data on the average deterioration rate, safe predictions can be made on how often the new underground roads will need to be replaced in order to guarantee the security of the new road arrangement.

To sum up, as organizations continue to use fewer physical prototypes, more products will be created in a shorter amount of time,  reaching the go-to-market faster. This not only makes the full life cycle of a product more efficient and cost-effective for big corporations, but it also reduces the barriers to entry for smaller companies, creating new jobs and business opportunities.